paris agreement คือ: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้
12 October 2021
Achieving just transition to net-zero economy key to building climate-resilience in Thailand
Bangkok, Thailand – Business leaders representing Thailand’s major industries today joined the Global Compact Network Thailand (GCNT) Forum 2021 and United Nations in issuing a strong call to action by the private sector community on climate sustainability ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP26 in November in Glasgow. They committed to transition to more sustainable business models at the annual GCNT Forum, including net zero emissions by 2050 at the earliest.
According to the Prime Minister of Thailand, General Prayuth Chan-o-cha, today’s commitment underscores the fact that climate action could not be more urgent, and leadership by the private sector is crucial to Thailand’s efforts in successfully tackling climate change. The country must swiftly enhance its knowledge and capacity to create new innovations and technologies to tackle climate change and other environmental concerns and, at the same time, adapt and transition to a low-carbon economy and build resilience. In order to do so, it is necessary to leverage available international funds and mechanisms such as the bilateral exchanges of knowledge and technology and the joint credit mechanism (JCM).
At the same time, the Government has integrated climate change into national policies under the thirteenth National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP), i.e. the tenth milestone – Development of a Circular Economy and Low-Carbon Society, and the eleventh milestone – Reduction of Risks from Natural Disaster and Climate Change. Accordingly, the Government is currently drafting the Climate Change Act, which will ensure comprehensive coverage of all climate-change related issues. In addition, in November this year, Thailand will join the COP 26 Conference in Glasgow, which he hoped will reach conclusions to address the climate crisis and operationalize the Paris Agreement.
“Thailand places importance on a balanced and environmentally-friendly economic growth based on the Bio-Circular-Green Economic Model (BCG), and has to likewise intensify its efforts in addressing climate change. This is an opportunity for Thailand to transform towards a value-added economy that will lead to a more balanced, sustainable and environmentally friendly growth. Most importantly, it is an opportunity to create new dynamism in our economy, which will benefit all businesses,” Prime Minister General Prayuth Chan-o-cha explained.
According to Mr. Suphachai Chearavanont, Chairperson of GCNT and Group Chief Executive Officer of Charoen Pokphand Group, said one-third of the network’s members have delivered on their commitment to integrating the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into business strategies through 510 projects in the pipeline, which partially amounts to 420 billion baht. These actions mobilize sustainability within the Thai context, and likewise, today’s commitment to prevent and mitigate climate change will support government efforts in line with the Bio-Circular-Green Economic Model (BCG) that is low-carbon economy, while prioritizing clean energy and high-value bio-based or “S-curve” industries. At the same time, this requires investing in new technologies and innovations with a focus on efficiency, design-thinking and building a new generation of sustainability leaders. Saving the environment starts with us and it is through transparency in corporate reporting that we can build greater awareness and resiliency to climate change.
“We must act swiftly and accelerate the Thai economy’s transformation for the net zero era, to truly embrace the ‘Race To Zero’ with the focus on a clean energy-driven economy and society. Achieving a just transition to a green economy that is fair, leaves no one behind and reduces all dimensions of inequality especially gaps in gender parity and economic and educational opportunities,” he said.
United Nations Resident Coordinator in Thailand, Ms. Gita Sabharwal pointed out that “the shift away from fossil fuel dependency and reducing carbon emissions are among the most pressing priorities, for which we have a finite window of opportunity to act.” She stressed the urgent necessity to expand carbon markets, increase innovation and investments in sustainable technologies, and provide more support for small and medium-sized enterprises in the transition to net-zero. “GCNT recognizes that while sustainability goals are universal, companies have to go at their own pace, to learn and unlearn, in a challenging environment. This period of creative disruption is the key commercial opportunity of our time,” she added. “The economy needs to move in unison, which makes platforms such as the GCNT all the more important.”
In her video message to the GCNT Forum, Ms. Sanda Ojiambo, Chief Executive Officer of the United Nations Global Compact, congratulated the GCNT members on advancing both the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement. However, she also urged all participants to reduce their corporate carbon footprint and shift to renewable energy as well as a more circular economy of reuse and recycling. “These are challenging goals, but they are also opportunities for transformative change,” she said, in encouraging companies to join the United Nations Global Compact and become part of that change.
The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand, Mr. Varawut Silpa-archa emphasized the need for collective action on the converging global crises of climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic, saying this was a roadmap for sustainable recovery. “It is not the responsibility of any one individual, not the sole responsibility of the Government or the opposition or the private sector. It is a mutual obligation that requires collaboration because climate and environmental degradation will affect us all,” he said. “We must focus on greenhouse gas reductions and integrate environmental and green measures into all industrial operations and business sectors, to achieve a low-carbon society.”
Five high-level panel discussions were held during the Forum, during which the participants discussed responsible business practices, with the focus on pressing issues such as the state of sustainability, credible climate actions via sustainable finance, the role of innovation and technology in addressing climate impacts, and business leadership and investment in carbon markets.
Speaking on the role of market regulators in climate sustainability, the Secretary-General of the Thailand Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Ms. Ruenvadee Suwanmongkol, said her organization was determined to develop enabling ecosystems for Thailand’s sustainable capital market. This has already led to the introduction of the mandatory “56-1 One Report” annual reporting criteria, in which listed companies and all future IPO filing forms submitted to the SEC must disclose updated information on greenhouse gas emissions. “It is critical that the voices of all sectors are heard, and sustainability markets are supported. The SEC supports the issuance of investment products to promote that ambition,” she explained.
Against this backdrop, the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) has been working closely with the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization and the Federation of Thai Industries “to establish a carbon credit market as a fundamental infrastructure for efficient energy consumption,” according to the SET President, Dr. Pakorn Peetathawatchai. This follows the introduction of similar measures to enable innovation and development of environmentally-friendly businesses in Thailand.
Normally held in Bangkok, the Forum this year was virtual, organized by GCNT in partnership with the United Nations in Thailand. More than 800 participants attended the event, including members of the Thai private, public and social sectors as well as representatives from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations Development Programme. Business members of GCNT participating in the forum included Charoen PokphandGroup, Thai Bev, CP All, Charoen Pokphand Foods, HSBC, Huawei Technologies (Thailand), NR Instant Produce, True Corporation, Bangchak Corporation, BCPG, CP Intertrade, Charoen Pokphand Produce, IRPC, Ek-chai Distribution, Siam Makro, Oklin Thailand, Pranda Jewelry, PTTEP, PTT Global Chemical, PTT Group, Thai Oil, and Krung Thai Bank.
เบื้องหลัง จีนเชือดคนรวย คุมบริษัทเทคฯ ปราบติวเตอร์ ฟันเหล้าบุหรี่ | Executive Espresso EP.257
ที่ผ่านมา จีนรุดหน้าเข้าแทรกแซงกลุ่มธุรกิจต่างๆ อย่างต่อเนื่องทั้ง Big Tech อย่าง Alibaba หรือ Tencent ลุกลามไปยังผู้ให้บริการแพลตฟอร์มเรียกรถโดยสาร Didi Chuxing ขณะที่เมื่อไม่นานมานี้ก็เพิ่งออกประกาศให้ธุรกิจสอนพิเศษออนไลน์กลายเป็น ‘กิจการที่ไม่แสวงหากำไร’
เหตุการณ์ทั้งหมดที่เกิดขึ้นเบื้องหลังอย่างไรกันแน่? สี จิ้นผิงวางแผนอะไรไว้ในการเข้าควบคุมบริษัทในหลากหลายอุตสาหกรรม เคน นครินทร์ คุยกับ ดร.อาร์ม ตั้งนิรันดร รองคณบดีคณะนิติศาสตร์ และผู้อำนวยการศูนย์จีนศึกษา จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย สรุปเหตุการณ์ที่เกี่ยวข้อง วิเคราะห์เบื้องหลังของการแทรกแซงและคาดการณ์แนวโน้มข้างหน้าของหนึ่งในประเทศมหาอำนาจอย่างจีน
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The Paris Climate Agreement Won’t Change the Climate
The Paris Climate Agreement will cost at least $1 trillion per year, and climate activists say it will save the planet. The truth? It won’t do anything for the planet, but it will make everyone poorerexcept politicians and environmentalists. Bjorn Lomborg explains.
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Much has been made of the Paris Climate Agreement signed by the leaders of 178 countries in 2016. French foreign minister Laurent Fabius, speaking for many, called it a \”historic turning point.\”
The head of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gina McCarthy, echoed the minister’s remark when she testified before the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology. The Paris Agreement was, she said, an \”incredible achievement.\” But when pressed by committee members to explain exactly how much this treaty would reduce global temperatures, she would not – or could not – say.
This combination of grand pronouncements and vague specifics is a good strategy for Paris Agreement fans to take. Because the agreement will cost a fortune, but do little to reduce global warming.
Consider the Obama administration’s signature climate policy, the Clean Power Plan. Using the same climate prediction model that the UN uses, I found that the power plan will accomplish almost nothing. Even if its cuts to carbon dioxide emissions are fully implemented – not just for the 14 years that the Paris Agreement lasts, but for the rest of the century – the Clean Power Plan would reduce the temperature increase in 2100 by just 0.023 degrees Fahrenheit.
The President has made further, and grander, promises of future U.S. carbon cuts, but these are only vaguely outlined. In the unlikely event that all of these extra cuts also happen, and are adhered to throughout the rest of the century, the combined reduction in temperatures would be 0.057 degrees.
To put it another way, if the U.S. delivers for the whole century on the President’s very ambitious rhetoric, it would postpone global warming by about eight months at the end of the century.
Now let’s add in the rest of the world’s Paris promises. If we generously assume that the promised carbon cuts for 2030 are not only met (which itself would be a U.N. first), but sustained, throughout the rest of the century, temperatures in 2100 would drop by 0.3 degrees – the equivalent of postponing warming by less than four years. Again, that’s using the UN’s own climate prediction model.
But here’s the biggest problem: These miniscule benefits do not come free; quite the contrary.
The cost of the Paris climate pact is likely to run to 1 to 2 trillion dollars every year, based on estimates produced by the Stanford Energy Modeling Forum and the Asia Modeling Exercise. In other words, we will spend at least one hundred trillion dollars in order to reduce the temperature, by the end of the century, by a grand total of three tenths of one degree.
Some Paris Agreement supporters defend it by claiming that its real impact on temperatures will be much more significant than the U.N. model predicts. But this requires mental gymnastics and heroic assumptions.
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Madam Seng Theary Explains October 23, 1991 Paris Agreement | Onn Rathy
This video is about Madam Seng Theary Explains October 23, 1991, Paris Agreement, the 1991 Paris Peace Agreements that ended decades of conflict in the country.
Madam Theary Chan Seng is a CambodianAmerican humanrights activist and lawyer, the former executive director of the Centre for Social Development, and president of the Center for Cambodian Civic Education.
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What Is The Paris Climate Change Agreement?
Explaining what the historic Paris Climate Change deal does and what it means for the world.
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The Paris climate deal has a lot of people cheering, with world leaders like President Obama painting it as a historic moment…[show short clip from his speech], but what exactly does this agreement do and what does it mean for the world?
The major achievement is that for the first time ever virtually all nations committed to reducing their carbon emissions “as soon as possible” and to do their best to keep global warming “to well below two degrees celsius.”
If the world can keep temperature rise below two degrees we’ll have a good shot at avoiding the worst. And seeing as though the 1 degree celsius warming that has already occurred has caused us to begin suffering from noticeably more severe weather, this agreement is long overdue.
The problem is that it’s not legally binding: it doesn’t create rigid timelines for countries to meet their pledges, pledges that vary wildly from country to countryespecially for the BRIC nations that are still developing and are understandably wary of sacrificing their own economic growth for the greater planetary good. That’s why pledges initially made in this deal aren’t anywhere near enough to meet the 2 degree goal.
But getting every country to commit to at least some kind of carbon reduction represents huge progress.
Wealthier nations, basically the US and Europe, will also contribute significant amounts of money toward helping poorer countries develop clean power systems and reduce deforestation, which is the second largest contributor to climate change after the burning of fossil fuels.
The agreement also establishes a transparent method for measuring and assessing how well each country is meeting its targets.
And Nations have committed to coming back every five years with new targets that should get increasingly more ambitious as the pace of technological development continues to advance.
So even though the Paris agreement didn’t do nearly enough to make sure the problem will be solved once and for all, the bottom line is that, by acting with one unified voice, the governments of the world finally sent a clear message: that the days of burning fossil fuels will quickly be coming to an end. This is what President Obama alluded to when he said:
“this agreement sends a powerful signal that the world is firmly committed to a lowcarbon future. And that has the potential to unleash investment and innovation in clean energy at a scale we have never seen before.”
Companies like Shell, Exxon and BP, and countries like Russia, Saudi Arabia and its Persian Gulf neighbors are going to have to rapidly shift their revenue models toward clean energy, or risk being left behind.
Although America was a leader in achieving this result, our work is just beginning. We’ve got to continue to defeat the fossil fuel industry’s attempts to undercut efforts to fight climate change here at home. And the most obvious battle will take place on November 8, 2016, when we can elect a congress and a President who will take the torch from President Obama and continue the clean energy transformation of the world’s largest economy.
So that’s what the Paris Climate Agreement is all aboutit’s up to us to decide whether it will indeed represent a moment of incredible progress for mankind.
Thanks for watching. Subscribe to this channel to get more videos like this. For TDC, I’m Bryce Plank.
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